The Peugeot 505 is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1979 to 1992 in Sochaux, France. It was also manufactured outside France, for example in Argentina by Sevel from 1981 to 1995, China, Indonesia and Nigeria.
The 505 was the replacement for the 504, available in sedan/saloon and station wagon/estate, including an 8-passenger Family Estate. The styling was similar to the 504. It is known as the "Work Horse" of Africa today.
The 505 was praised by contemporary journalists for its ride and handling, especially on rough and unmade roads; perhaps one reason for its popularity in less developed countries. "Remember that the 505´s predecessor, the 504, had an outstanding ride. It took a British-market model on a hard charging drive across the green lanes of the Chilterns. The impacts were well suppressed and the car veritably floated over the undulations and potholes. I concluded that the 505 is as good as the 504 (but no better)." The 505 also had good ground clearance; if it wasn't enough though, Dangel offered a taller four-wheel drive version of the 505 estate equipped with either the intercooled turbodiesel 110 hp (81 kW) engine or the 130 hp 2.2 L petrol (96 kW) engine. The four wheel drive 505 also had shorter gear ratios.
The interior styling was viewed positively in contemporary reviews: "Having settled into the 505's neat cockpit one notices how handsomely styled it all would appear to be. The tweed seats and brown trim look smart and less confrontational than offerings from a certain other French marque." But the ergonomics were criticised too: "The ashtray was competitively sized but is placed directly behind the gearstick. For British market cars, this will be a constant nuisance while our continental cousins will consider the placement quite logical and natural."
The range was given a facelift, including an all new interior, in 1986, but European Peugeot 505 production began to wind down following the launch of the smaller Peugeot 405 at the end of 1987. Saloon production came to a halt in 1989, and estates in 1992, some time after the introduction of the larger Peugeot 605.
In some countries such as France and Germany, the 505 estate was used as an ambulance, a funeral car, police car, military vehicle and as a road maintenance vehicle. There were prototypes of 505 coupés and 505 trucks, and in France many people have modified 505s into pickup trucks themselves.
The 505 was one of the last Peugeot models to be sold in the United States, with sedan sales ending there in 1990 and wagon sales in 1991. The last versions sold had PRV's 2.8 V6 engine only. Both the sedan (saloon) and station wagon (estate). 505s were also sold in Australia (where they were assembled by Leyland Australia from 1981 to 1983.), Argentina, Chile, China, and New Zealand. In New York City, Peugeot 505s were used as taxicabs.
The car was summed up as follows by motoring writer Archie Vicar: "The 505 is a saloon with quite a pleasant appearance, quite efficient engines, quite comfortable seating, quite nice steering and a quite reasonable price. And it is quite well constructed. So, you might say it was merely average. But can it really be that simple? Have Peugeot in fact, played a very clever game where, instead of dazzling us with technology or breathtaking styling, they have decided to woo us with understatement of the profoundest kind?"
In Thailand, Peugeot 505 are quietly popular, but still available as CKD version that made in Bangkok because restriction of importing CBU cars
The car was rear wheel drive, with front, longitudinally-mounted engines. The suspension system included MacPherson struts and coil springs at front and semi-trailing arms with coil springs at rear, with a body-mounted rear differential and four constant-velocity joints. Station wagons (and most sedans built in Argentina) had instead a live-axle rear suspension, with Panhard rod and coil springs. Stabilizer bars were universal at front but model-dependent at rear. The car used disc brakes at the front, and either disc brakes or drum brakes at the rear, depending on the model. The steering was a rack and pinion system, which was power assisted on most models.
The Familiale (family estate), with its third row of bench seats (giving a total of 8 forward-facing seats), was popular with larger families and as a taxi. The two rows of rear seats could be folded to give a completely flat load area, with 1.94 cubic metres of load capacity. The total load carrying capacity is 590 kg (1,301 lb). When released, it was hailed as a luxury touring wagon.
A range of diesel and petrol engines were offered.
The diesel engines were all 4-cylinder:
- 2304 cc "XD2" engine (70 hp (49 kW)) from the Peugeot 504 was used on early models, and was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Sierra model.
- 2304 cc "XD2C" engine (70 hp (49 kW))
- 2304 cc "XD2S" turbocharged engine that produced 80 hp (60 kW)
- 2498 cc "XD3" engine that produced 75 hp (56 kW)
- 2498 cc "XD3T" turbocharged engine that produced 95 hp (70 kW) was used on 1985 (both XD2S and XD3T were available in the US in the 1985 model year) and newer models. Diesel engines no longer available in the US after 1986. It was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Scorpio model.
- 2498 cc "XD3TE" turbocharged diesel engine fitted with an intercooler, developing 110-115 hp (79 kW), was introduced in 1987.
The petrol engines had either 4 cylinders or 6 cylinders:
- 1796 cc 4-cylinder "XM7A" pushrod engine.
- 1971 cc 4-cylinder "XN1/XN1A" pushrod engine had 96 hp (71 kW), then 100 (75 kW) by 1985 and finally 108 (79 kW) by 1991. Top speed: 175 km/h (109 mph).
- 1995 cc 4-cylinder ZEJ "Douvrin" engine (OHC, Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection) had 110 hp (81 kW) - codeveloped by Peugeot and Renault.
- 2165 cc 4-cylinder ZDJK "Douvrin" engine (OHC, Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection) used on pre-1986 models. This was a longer stroke version of the "ZEJ" engine.
- 2165 cc 4-cylinder ZDJL "Douvrin" engine (OHC, Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection, Compression ratio: (9.8:1) ) with 130 hp (96 kW) was used on 505 GTI models. Top speed: 185 km/h (115 mph)
- 2155 cc turbocharged N9T "Simca Type 180" engine (OHC, Bosch LU-Jetronic fuel injection, Compression ratio: (7:1) ), producing 142 hp (106 kW).
- 2155 cc intercooled, turbocharged N9TE "Simca Type 180" engine (OHC, Bosch LU-Jetronic fuel injection, Compression ratio: (7.5:1) ), producing 150 hp (111 kW).
- 2155 cc intercooled, turbocharged N9TEA "Simca Type 180" engine (OHC, Bosch LU-Jetronic fuel injection, Compression ratio: (7.5:1) ), producing 160 hp (119 kW). 180 hp / 134 kW in 505 saloons. This motor was equipped with an electronic boost controller. Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph (96 km/h): 7.9 seconds.
- 2849cc 6-cylinder (V6) engine ("ZN3J", a version of the PRV engine) with 170 hp (125 kW) was used on 505 V6 models.
505 models varied very much in equipment. Base SRD cars with the 2304 cc diesel engine didn't even have power steering, but the GTD Turbo, the GTI, the V6, and the TI all had power steering, central locking doors, air conditioning, a 5-speed manual transmission, moonroof (except the GTD Turbo), and front fog lights. In the V6, the power steering was speed-sensitive, the central locking doors came with an infrared remote, and the heating and ventiliation systems included electronic climate control. A 3-speed automatic transmission was available on early 505s, which was later replaced by a 4-speed unit. The most durable 505 model proved to be the GTD with a 5-speed manual transmission. In Australia, the 505 was sold as a GR, SR, STi, or GTi sedan, or an SR or GTi 8-seater station wagon, all with petrol engines. Very few GRD and SRD diesel-engined 505s were sold in Australia. The Series II update saw the SR replaced with an SLi.
The United States and Canada had their own 505 body. Notable differences were: gas tank moved inwards (now behind rear bench), with filling neck on rightside, different style quad headlamps, taillights (pre-1986 sedans), distinctive whip antenna moved from roof to rear fender (and changed to telescopic), larger bumpers, tailpipe moved from right to left. Fewer engines were offered, all detuned to meet more restrictive emission standards. The models sold in North America were: Base, "GL", "S", "GLS", "STI", "DL", "Liberté", "STX", "Turbo", "GLX", "SW8", "V6", "Turbo S", and in 1983 the "Anniversary Edition", which was sold in a limited quantity. All North-American bound 505's were built in Peugeot's Sochaux Plant, in France. The Turbo estate version was unique to the North American markets.